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Ossining    (V)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States. Majority of the population is concentrated in the southern portion around New York City, the state is often regionalized into Upstate and Downstate. New York is the home of Ellis Island, where many immigrants in the early 20th century arrived in the United States.

Ossining is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 24,010 at the 2000 census. As a village, it is located in the Town of Ossining.

Early 17th century Dutch maps of the Hudson River Valley show an Indian village, whose inhabitants were part of the Mohegan Tribe, named Sint Sinck. That phrase, when translated, means stone upon stone and refers to the extensive beds of limestone found in the southern part of the village. In 1685, the Sint Sincks sold their land to Frederick Philipse who incorporated it into his land holdings known as the Manor of Philipsburg. The Manor comprised of about 165,000 acres and extended from Spuyten Duyvil Creek at the tip of Manhattan on the south to the Croton River just north of the Village of Ossining. The land was leased to tenant farmers of Dutch, French, and English origin.

On April 2, 1813, Sing Sing became the first incorporated village in Westchester County to be state chartered. In 1825, construction of Sing Sing Prison began. Native granite was used to build the first cellblock. Commerce and industry flourished throughout the 1800’s. The industrial growth included a shoe factory and a stove foundry, both of which relied on convict labor. As the prison became notorious, the village tried to distance itself from the prison’s harsh reputation and changed its name to Ossining on March 25, 1901.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 16.4 square kilometers and 8.3 square kilometers of it is land and 8.1 square kilometers of it is water. In the village the population was spread out with 20.7 percent under the age of 18, 8.3 percent from 18 to 24, 39.1 percent from 25 to 44, 20.9 percent from 45 to 64, and 11.0 percent who were 65 years of age or older.

Ossining is definitely one of the popular tourist attractions in New York worth paying a visit while touring the country. This place leaves a pleasing and unforgettable memory and justifies the proud cultural tradition of New York.

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