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Elmira ( C )

New York is a state in the northeastern United States. Majority of the population is concentrated in the southern portion around New York City, the state is often regionalized into Upstate and Downstate. New York is the home of Ellis Island, where many immigrants in the early 20th century arrived in the United States.
Elmira is a city in Chemung County, New York, USA. It is the principal city of the Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses Chemung County, New York. The population was 30,940 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Chemung County. The City of Elmira is located in the south-central part of the county, surrounded on three sides by the Town of Elmira. It is in the Southern Tier of New York a short distance north of the Pennsylvania state line.
The Sullivan Expedition of 1779 passed through the area and fought a British force at the Battle of Newtown, south of the current city. The Iroquois and the new United States made a treaty at Elmira in 1791 to settle territorial disputes in the region. The first settler in Elmira was captain Abraham Miller of the continental army.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.6 square kilometers. 19.0 square kilometers of it is land and 0.7 square kilometers of it is water. In the city the population was spread out with 25.1 percent under the age of 18, 13.0 percent  from 18 to 24, 29.9 percent  from 25 to 44, 18.2 percent from 45 to 64, and 13.8 percent  who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.
Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Elmira enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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