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Fredonia (V)

Fredonia is a village in Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The population of the village was 10,706 at the 2000 census. The Village of Fredonia is in the town of Pomfret south of Lake Erie. The village borders the city of Dunkirk and is the home of the State University of New York Fredonia.
The community was first settled around 1804. In 1821 William Hart dug the first successful gas well in what is now the Village of Fredonia. It supplied enough natural gas for lights in two stores, two shops and a grist mill by 1825. Expanding on Hart's work, the Fredonia Gas Light Company was eventually formed in 1858, becoming the first American natural gas company. The site of the first gas well is marked by a stone monument in downtown Fredonia.
The Village of Fredonia was incorporated in 1829. Suny Fredonia originally opened as Fredonia Academy in 1826. That building is now the village hall. The original name for the area was Canadaway.  Samuel Latham Mitchill, coupling the English word freedom with a Latin ending, coined the name Fredonia. He proposed it as a replacement name for the United States. It failed in that regard, but became the name of many towns and cities.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 13.4 square kilometers, all covered by land. though it does have a small stream flowing northward through the village toward Lake Erie called Canadaway Creek.
In the village the population was spread out with 15.7 percent under the age of 18, 38.0 percent from 18 to 24, 18.0 percent from 25 to 44, 16.5 percent from 45 to 64, and 11.7 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.
Fredonia can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism place that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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