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Rochester (C)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States. Rochester, also known as both The Flour City and The Flower City, is a city in Monroe County, New York, United States. The City of Rochester is at the center of a larger Metropolitan Area, which encompasses and extends past Monroe County and includes Genesee County, Livingston County, Ontario County, Orleans County, and Wayne County. This larger conurbation, or metropolitan area, had a population of 1,037,831 people as of the 2000 census and 211,091 in the year 2005 U.S. census. As of July 1, 2005, this population rose slightly to 1,039,028. The principal suburbs of the city include Brighton, Chili, East Rochester, Fairport, Gates, Greece, Henrietta, Irondequoit, Penfield, Pittsford and Webster. The current Mayor of Rochester is Robert Duffy.
Rochester city was established in 1814. On November 8, 1803, a one hundred acre tract of land in Western New York along the Genesee River was purchased by Colonel Nathaniel Rochester, Major Charles Carroll and Colonel William Fitzhugh, all of Hagerstown, Maryland. The site was chosen because of three cataracts on the Genesee, offering great potential for waterpower. Beginning in 1811, and with a population of fifteen, the three founders surveyed the land and laid out streets and tracts. In 1817, the Brown brothers and other landowners joined their lands with the Hundred Acre Tract to form the Village of Rochester Ville.
Rochester became known first as The Young Lion of the West and then as the Flour City. By 1838, Rochester was the largest flour-producing city in the world, and by 1840, it was the 19th largest city in America, with a population of 20,191. With the population having doubled in only ten years, Rochester became known as America's first boomtown. Rochester is east of Buffalo and west of Syracuse.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.1 percent under the age of 18, 11.6 percent from 18 to 24, 32.2 percent from 25 to 44, 18.1 percent from 45 to 64, and 10.0 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males. Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and can also enjoy its natural beauty concealed by the beautiful landscapes.

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